CBT? Person centred? Psychodynamic? How do you choose between the
many methods of counselling and psychotherapy that are out there?
might feel that you're being expected to be an expert before you
even embark on therapy.
All roads lead to Rome, and whatever theoretical approach your counsellor or psychotherapist
uses, as you work together you may end up focussing on the same
However, there are significant differences in
approach, and these can make big differences to how wide-ranging the
work is, how long it takes and how much it costs.
Many practitioners work integratively or eclectically which
means that they draw on a variety of models of counselling and
psychotherapy as appropriate to the situation. But even those who
draw on a variety of models often have two or three core models
that they mainly draw on, so it is useful to have some awareness
of the different ways of working, and to be able to understand
how your prospective practitioner is likely to work.
This page outlines a few of the more common approaches available.
If your therapist uses an approach or approaches not listed here, they
should at least be able to explain how their approach is similar or
different from the approaches below, so if you're familiar with these
you should be able to find out about your therapist's approach by
asking questions like "how is that similar or different from such and such approach?".